Our Beneficiaries

The first group of beneficiaries targeted by ENID/El Nidaa programs are the youth and women segments of Upper Egypt society, and especially the most vulnerable groups. The second are the MSME segment whose productivity and employment potential may be underutilized. The third are agricultural land tenants and daily workers. 
With regards youth and women, a major area of concern is millions of young women and men representing over 20% of Egypt’s total population.  Large regional disparities exist in Egypt with rural Upper Egypt being the most deprived. According to the 2009 Survey of Young People in Egypt (SYPE), whereas rural youth account for 59% of Egypt’s total youth, they account for 85% of Egypt’s poor youth. These are characterized notably by the lack of employment opportunities, and for women, negligible participation in the labour market. Female participation in the labour market is among the lowest in the world. Egypt is rated number 120 among 128 countries on gender gap measurement. 

Over 30% of Egypt’s GDP is generated by small enterprises. It is generally accepted that investment in micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs), can raise productivity by enabling the poor to engage in productive activities, find employment, and earn higher incomes, leading to economic growth and the reduction of poverty. Active promotion of MSMEs in Egypt’s governorates especially in rural areas utilizing technical assistance, skill training and development, and other mechanisms such as asset transfers according to best practices at home and abroad are a means to achieve these objectives. These models are replicable and have a number of benefits in that they provide a ready-made prototype as well as a tested framework to novice beneficiaries, thereby minimizing the risk of failure. 

The third group of beneficiaries are farmers and rural workers. The link between environmental and sustainable agricultural and rural development enhancing food security, and reducing poverty is a central issue for achieving economic and social development in Egypt. The contribution of the agriculture sector in Egypt exceeds 13% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and over 30% of employment opportunities. Meanwhile about 70% of the poor and very poor live in rural areas and of the 25% of the population living in Upper Egypt, about 66% are extremely poor, 51% poor and 31% near poor. The rational for the focus on the agricultural sector in poverty reduction through enhanced skill formation is self-evident.